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How to Fix Flat Bike Tire Without Tools in 4 Steps (w/ Photos)

Written by Gary Johnson / Fact checked by Henry Speciale

how to fix flat bike tire without tools

One of the worst things that could happen to a cyclist is having a flat tire during long-distance biking. There are times when you mistakenly forget to bring a bike repair kit, and you have nothing to use to fix it.

Thus, it is vital to build up some repair skills to prepare you for this kind of cycling scenario. So, how to fix flat bike tire without tools?

Well, you have to learn how to remove the tire from the rim, inflate the tire tube, and put it back to the bike rim. The procedure is easy once you read our guide below:

Why Bike Tire Keeps Going Flat


No one likes a flat tire that keeps going flat. It is a major hindrance on the road and can eventually compromise your safety. Having a flat tire means having to slow down, and taking time to inspect and repair your bike.

There are several reasons why your bike tire goes flat. Here are the top culprits of your flat bike tires:

1. Glass shards

Glass shards are hard and strong materials that can easily puncture any object. They cause a lot of damage, especially to pedestrians or bikers because they are often not visible on the road. You can easily pass through it without even noticing. The next thing you know, the material punctured your tire, and now it’s starting to deflate.

Thus, it is essential to be very observant when biking. If there are any shiny material on the lane, it’s probably broken glass that has the potential to damage your bike tire.

2. Goatheads and thorns

Thorns and goatheads are also culprits. Goatheads are plant-born spike balls that can easily penetrate your tire. They are caltrops that stick to your tires, and eventually puncture them.

Like broken glasses, goatheads are not very visible on the road. Their color easily blend with the environment, and it would be hard for you to see them while biking. Thus, avoid riding on the edges of the trial, where more goatheads are located.

3. Pinch flats

Pinch flats or snake bites are little punctures on the edges of your bike tube. They are the result of the tube constantly being pinched between the road and the bike rim. It usually happens when you are riding at a speed. Most pinch flats start from underinflated tires given the lack of pressure to keep the rim off the road.

4. Tire wear

Excessive use of your bicycle also causes flat tires, and you need to change a bike tire without tools in the process. You might not notice, but your tire develops tumors due to wear. Bike tires that are ridden down to the cords will lack rubber to protect the tube within. As a result, sharp objects can easily penetrate through the material.

In case you unluckily encounter these things, especially during long-distance cycling, you might need knowledge on how to fix a flat tire bike without using any tool:

  • Remove the tire
  • Break the tire bead
  • Pull the tire entirely off the rim
  • Place the tire back into the rim

Step-by-step Tutorial

Step 1. Remove the tire


The first step to fix a bicycle flat tire without tools is detaching the tire from the bike wheel. You have to remove it slowly and carefully and avoid pulling it out from just one side. It is necessary to use both hands, so you can pull the wheel from the two sides.

You have to apply pressure when removing the tire from your bike given that you are not using any tool. Use the same amount of pressure from both sides of the tire to pull them at the same time.

Step 2. Break the tire bead


The tire bead is the reinforced section of your bike tire that touches the rim. If you have a clincher road bike tire, it will probably have a tire bead. When you repair a flat bike tire, it is crucial to remove the tire bead by crouching down and placing the wheel in front of your knees.

Then, you need to grasp and pinch it from both directions to break the bead on the two sides. Afterward, roll it down as you follow the circumference of the rim.

Step 3. Pull the tire entirely off the rim


To do this, you need to place both of your hands at the top andposition your thumbs on the rim. You have to pull the tire together with the tube towards the direction of your body. Apply pressure on your thumbs that are placed on the rim, so you can easily pull the tire from it.

If it is not starting to come off, add more pressure on both of your hands. By this, you will notice the tire starting to come off, and it would be easier to remove it entirely. Inspect the source of damage and remove it.

Then, inflate it by opening the Presta valve and blowing air into the tube until you are confident there’s enough air inside. Ensure that the tube is in right shape, so you can put it back into the tire easily.

Step 4. Place the tire back into the rim


At this point, you should have already fixed the damages and inflated the tire tube. You are now confident to place the tire back to the rim. To do this, you have to push the back over the rim using your thumbs. Add pressure, and do this gradually until it is easier to roll over the rim.

You will notice that the tire pop back into the bead after it passes over a tight edge. Ensure that the tire is back in the rim. Finally, test drive your newly inflated tire and check if it has enough air.


Fixing a flat bicycle tire without tools is easy if you are creative and have the proper knowledge. You will only need some patience, a good amount of energy, and enough skills to be able to remove the tire from the rim, inflate the tire, and place it back to the original location.

May this tutorial on how to fix flat bike tire without tools help you with your flat dilemma, especially in situations where you have no tools to rely on. The steps are very simple, and with just a few tweaks, you will have the tire back up again.

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